Established in 1930, the Museum of Art moved to one of the three palaces of the Poznański family, a 1893 neo-Renaissance edifice designed by Adolf Seligson, after World War II. Since its inception the Museum has specialised in avant garde art.
The holdings, presently numbering some 9,000 works by Polish, Czech, and other Western and Central European artists, originated from the International Collection of Modern Art. This was one of the best collections of its time in Europe, presented to the Museum in 1931 by the a.r. (Real Avant Garde) group founded in Łódź by acclaimed painter Władysław Strzemiński.
The holdings of paintings, graphics, drawings, sculptures, photographs and photomontages kept within the Twentieth Century Art Section are representative of movements such as constructivism, expressionism, cubism, abstractionism, surrealism, formism and conceptualism. They include works by Polish artists, notably Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Leon Chwistek, Katarzyna Kobro, Zbigniew Pronaszko, Tadeusz Kantor, Magdalena Abakanowicz, as well as by foreign artists such as Lyonel Feininger, Alexey Yavlenskiy, Emil Nolde and Jauliel Adler. There are also more than 1,000 works from Joseph Beuys's archive (the so-called Polentransport 1981 set), the artist's gift to the Museum. In addition, valuable collections have also been donated by the American artists within the Echange Entre Artistes 1931-1982 project and the Solidarność Trade Union, which presented works by the participants of the international 'Construction in Process' exhibition.
The Museum of Art also has a section of Polish art of the 17th to 19th- century and a collection of foreign art from the 15th-century to the 19th-century, with mostly French, German, Italian and Dutch art. There are rich holdings of decorative arts and crafts, including furniture, textiles, china, Art Nouveau glass from the workshop of Emile Galle, oriental pieces (including one of Poland's largest collection of Japanese tsubs) and icons.
The holdings of modern art are shown at a permanent exhibition International Art of the Twentieth Century. Its central point is the Neoplastic Room, designed by Władysław Strzemiński in 1948 for the purpose of displayng works by the a.r. group and artists connected with the constructivist movement.
The Museum of Art has a branch at the Księży Młyn residence, where interiors are exhibited.
Opening hours: Monday Closed, Tuesday 10 am- 6 pm, Wednesday-Sunday 11 am- 7 pm