Graphic designer, one of the founders of the so-called Polish School of Posters. Born on 30th November, 1922, in Komorowice (near Bielsko-Biała), died on 13th February, 2004, in Warsaw.
Graphic designer, one of the founders of the so-called Polish School of Posters.
In 1952, Górka obtained a degree in graphic design from the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków where he was under the supervision of Jerzy Karolak. He studied painting in the studio of Jerzy Nowosielski and Tadeusz Kantor.
The artist was a co-founder of the so-called Polish School of Posters, whose most important principles were: simplicity and clarity, the use of concise symbols and poetic metaphors, as well as diverse means of expression.
Between the 50s and the 80s Wiktor Górka worked with the biggest Polish publishers and film distributors. He designed posters (amounting to nearly 300), book and magazine covers, commercial logos and prints. The artist participated in many exhibitions around the world. His posters and projects were awarded in the most important Polish and international competitions. He received second prize in a national competition for the poster 6-year Plan (1949), second prize at the International Film Poster Competition in Karlovy Vary (1962), first prize at the International Competition for Tourist Posters in Berlin (1967), Silver Medal at the Second Polish Poster Biennale in Katowice (1967), and others.
Górka created posters for films such as: Spartacus, Beatrice Cenci, Two for the Seesaw, How Far, How Near, The Great Escape, Twilight of the Gods, One Man Band, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Sleepy Hollow and Marathon Man. His most famous work is the poster design for the cult film Cabaret (1973) directed by Bob Fosse with the memorable performance of Liza Minelli. The poster depicts cabaret dancers’ legs in black stockings as well as Joel Grey’s face in daring makeup, which together form a swastika shape.
Wiktor Górka’s works were never shown in his place of origin. This exhibition is therefore a debt of gratitude owed to the artist, on the one hand, and, on the other – an attempt to remember and present the unique artistic achievements of one of the greatest masters of Polish poster art from the second half of the twentieth century – stressed Krzysztof Dydo, collector from Kraków, owner of the Poster Gallery in Kraków and curator of Wiktor Górka’s exhibition in the BWA Gallery in Bielsko-Biała, where he displayed approximately 100 posters and unseen designs, sketches, drawings, pastels and watercolours, as well as documents from the artist’s life.
In 1970, Górka went to Havana with a group of Polish artists to conduct design workshops in Cuba. From there he ended up in Mexico, where he worked as an artist and a teacher. He taught drawing and poster design at prestigious Mexican art schools until the mid-90s. During the 6th International Poster Bienniale in Mexico in 2000, he received the top award for his contribution to the development of graphic arts in Mexico – Medalla a la Excelencia José Guadalupe Posada.
Source: BWA Gallery in Bielsko-Biała, poster.com.pl, author: AS, transl. Bozhana Nikolova, 31.03.2015