Draftsman, graphic artist, installations artist, performance artist. Born November 12, 1954, in Krakow; resides in Krakow.
Draftsman, graphic artist, installations artist, performance artist.
Chlanda studied in the Graphic Arts Department of the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, graduating from the school in 1978. He went on to teach at his alma mater (1980-1982) and subsequently pursued an experiment referred to as the traveling academy (1983-1984) with students from the university in Bergen (Norway). He also lectured for a time at the branch of the University of Silesia located in the border city of Cieszyn (1986-1988).
He debuted in the mid 1970s as a draftsman. From the very beginning of his creative career, Chlanda explored the concept of process, combining his drawings with art forms like performance, concerts, extensive documentation. A second distinguishing feature of his art was his inclusion of variegated objects in his works on paper. These ranged from pieces of fur, through wooden blocks and strips, to segments of rope, and the like. These experiments eventually prompted him to create installations. One of his first works of this type was Epifania / Epiphany, created for the Young Artists' Biennale in Paris in 1980. In the 1980s the artist gradually abandoned his beginnings as a draftsman on one hand and action artist on the other, focusing instead on sculpture and on organizing space using a series of signifying elements. For these installations he used natural materials like unfinished wood, wax, tar products, iron and the like. His objects were distinguishable for their specific structure: consisting of multiple elements, Chlanda usually spread these across floors or arranged them as crawling pieces, leaning against walls as staircases might. Both their arrangement and in their titles seemed to invite references to literary tradition, history and mythology; however, the works never crossed the line into literal reference. In his series of "kompozycje analogowe" / "analogue compositions" dating from the 1990s, he focused on inter-personal relationships, doing so in the mysterious and allusive manner that was so characteristic of him.
The artist has been exhibiting actively since 1974. He has had several dozen individual presentations, among them an exhibition at the Muzeum Sztuki (Museum of Art) in Lodz in 1985 and the exhibition Miejsca rzeźby. Beuys, Chlanda, Rabinowitch / Places of Sculpture - Beuys, Chlanda, Rabinowitch, at the Muzeum ASP (Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts) in Warsaw in 1988. Chlanda has additionally participated in a vast number of group exhibitions. He is also a recipient of the Nowosielski Foundation Prize.
- 1980, 1982 - 12th and 13th Young Artists' Biennale, Paris
- 1982 - 12th Biennale of Sydney
- 1988 - "Polish Realities," Glasgow
- 1991 - "Positionen Polen," Berlin
- 1992/93 - "Nowoczesna rzeźba polska 1955-1992 / Modern Polish Sculpture 1955-1992", Center for Polish Sculpture, Oronsko 1992/93
- 1994-1995 - "Rysa w przestrzeni / A Rift in Space", Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin; "Zachęta" National Contemporary Art Gallery, Warsaw
- 1994 - 22nd Biennale of Art, Sao Paulo
- 1997 - "Art from Poland 1945-1996," Budapest
- 2009 - 'Beatifications 2006–2007", National Museum in Poznan
- 2012 - "Transit", Museum of Contemporary Art in Krakow
Author: Maryla Sitkowska, Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, June 2002.