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Artur Grottger, Manor's Defence from Polonia cycle, photo: Wikipedia

In his cycle Polonia from 1863, Grottger doesn't show the grand history, he shows January Uprising in micro scale. Lives of Polish families, which were changed by the year 1863, are captured in private, intimate scenes. There is a sudden Roundup, desperate Mournful Tidings, a tragic moment After The Enemy Has Left, and one of the most suggestive ones – Manor’s Defence

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Refuge, fifth panel from Grottger’s Polonia cycle

Refuge, the fifth panel from Grottger’s Polonia cycle, depicts a tense scene centred around a wounded insurgent and a medic attending to him.

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Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix, Portrait of Frédéric Chopin, photo by Jan Morek / Forum

On of the most prominent Polish composers, born on 1st March, 1818 (or 22nd February, 1810) in Żelazowa Wola, died on 17th October, 1849 in Paris.

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Walenty Wańkowicz, Portrait of Adam Mickiewicz at Judahu Cliff, 1828, Photo: Piotr Ligier / National Museum in Warsaw

Dziady (Forefather’s Eve) – is a cycle of poetic dramas by Adam Mickiewicz, published between 1822 and 1860 and widely considered one of the greatest works of European Romanticism.

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Adam Mickiewicz, national Polish poet of the 19th century, is also the quintessential migrating poet. Mickiewicz who had become for Poles the poet-prophet, was also a professor, politician, and journalist, before eventually dropping poetry altogether. He wrote and wandered through most of Europe and eventually beyond...

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Chopin died in 1849 and was buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. His heart, however, was taken out and taken to Warsaw. Was it because he wanted part of him to rest eternally in his lost homeland, or was there a more macabre reason?

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