A poet, translator, literary critic, essayist, scholar, editor and lecturer. Born in Poznań in 1946. Died on 26th December 2014.
He studied Polish at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, where he became a lecturer and earned his Ph.D. He made his way into publishing as a poet and critic in 1965. Barańczak was on the staff of the Poznań magazine "Nurt" from 1967-1971. After the political events of June, 1976, he became a co-founder of the Committee for the Defense of the Workers and of the clandestine quarterly Zapis. He began giving lectures on Polish literature at Harvard in 1981 and served as editor of The Polish Review. He was a co-founder of the Paris Zeszyty Literackie in 1983, and is a regular contributor to the periodical Teksty Drugie.
He was a leading poet of the New Wave and one of the most outstanding Polish writers to begin his career in the communist period, combining literary work with scholarship and politics. He was the most prominent translator in recent years of English poetry into Polish and of Polish poetry into English.
His Polish was permeated with the language of the poets he felt closest to - Emily Dickinson, John Donne and Robert Frost - and whose work he has made popular in Poland. The original poetry of Stanisław Barańczak is clearly dominated by three concerns: the ethical, the political, and the literary. His language is extraordinarily supple. His choice of subjects testifies to his community engagement; his language is always amazingly fluent. It may seem paradoxical that Barańczak began as a poetic critic of language and the social order but has achieved his greatest success as a late-twentieth-century Parnassist, a virtuoso of poetic form.
One of his books, Chirurgiczna precyzja / Surgical Precision, won the Nike Literary Prize in 1999.
German: in anthologies:
Source: www.polska2000.pl; Copyright: Stowarzyszenie Willa Decjusza.
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