Sculptor, painter, graphic artist, creator of installations, scenery designer, art theoretician, educator. Born June 15, 1934 in Zawory in Poznań Province. Died on September 18, 2014.
Berdyszak studied sculpture at the State Higher School of the Visual Arts in Poznań from 1952 to 1958, simultaneously experimenting with painting and the graphic arts. From his earliest period, much of his work focused on the problems of space. In his series titled Koła podwójne / Double Circles (1962-1964 and 1967-1969), he effectively smashed the convention of the quadrilateral painting by creating canvasses in the shape of two circles arranged vertically one above the other. These he covered with blurred, contrasting forms that created a kind of illusory, inner space.
The next stage of his explorations prompted him to introduce real space into his canvasses by cutting an opening in them. From 1967 this space that interfered in the substance of the painting was effectively liberated through the actual division of canvasses into separate parts that were exhibited in various configurations (symmetrically, antithetically, perpendicular to one another in the corners of exhibition rooms, etc.). Throughout this time, Berdyszak had embellished his painting/spatial experiments through a variety of graphic art techniques (plaster prints, woodcuts, esp. the series Kompozycje kół / Compositions of Circles). It was at this moment in time that the artist married painting and sculpture in his work. During this period the artist created his multi-part, foldout forms of painted sheet metal that could be exhibited in random arrangements. Towards the end of the 1960s Berdyszak's painted surfaces became flat, his forms sharply defined. The artist undertook to translate into visual language concepts like openness, infinity, potential, and similar ideas rooted in the philosophies of the Far East. Simultaneously, in the series Obszary koncentrujace / Concentrating Areas (1973-1980), he proposed a series of forms that were designed to encourage meditation among viewers. His objects of glass and plexiglas dating from this period and titled Przezroczyste / Transparent (1970-1978) found continuation in his installations of the 1980s and 1990s. In 1990 the artist started working on a series titled Passe-par-tout, which has included objects, installations, prints, and a range of other pieces. These works essentially reflected the form of a drawing frame, the space at its center empty, highlighting the surroundings.
Author: Maryla Sitkowska, Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, June 2002.
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