Oskar Hansen, a visionary architect, urbanist, theoretician and pedagogue created the Open Form theory. The upcoming exhibition in Barcelona’s MACBA presents the timeline of Hansen’s idea - from its concept to its releases in form of projects, films, visual games and performative practices.
The exhibition released by The Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw and Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA) opens the series of exhibitions showcasing the artist's work abroad. The next opening of the exhibition will take place in Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Serralves in in 2015.
The soon to be opened exhibition at Barcelona’s MACBA revisits the radical and visionary pedagogical solutions of Polish architect Oskar Hansen (1922-2005). The show opens on the 10th of July and will continue until January 6th, 2015, and will focus on the evolution of his Open Form Theory, which consisted in the interaction of the individual and the group, using the average man as its driving force.
Hansen’s Open Form Theory was first presented in 1959 in Otterlo, the Netherlands, and from then on continued to develop through the architect’s various projects.
Open Form was an open idea – the architect emphasized the creative role of the individual in the art of designing spaces.
Hansen was never afraid to cross the line in search of the new, such as designing an interior for a temporary Warsaw city hall which violated the principles of Social Realism, and nearly got him banned from architecture after Warsaw's chief architect, Józef Sigalin, saw the plans.
Dom Hansenów w Szuminie from Culture.pl on Vimeo.
Soon after, Hansen began working as a teacher at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw (from 1952 to 1981). His time at the academy had a massive influence on the development of his students and the following generations of Polish artists, including luminaries such as KwieKulik, Wiktor Gutt, Grzegorz Kowalski and Kowalski’s students, Paweł Althamer and Artur Żmijewski, to name but a few.
It is his time spent at the Academy of Fine Arts that forms the essence of MACBA’s exhibition – not exclusively through Open Form’s tools but also through the work of the visionary architect’s students.
MACBA is Barcelona's main museum of modern art, which was open to public in 1995. Its story dates back to 1959 when Alexandre Cirici Pellicer, art critic, formed a group of contemporary artists and showed work in a series of 23 exhibitions with a plan of opening a collection for a new contemporary art museum in Barcelona.
American architect Richard Meier & Partners were commissioned to design the museum's building. The art critics Francesco Miralles and Rosie Queralt were hired to draw the museum's mission statement.
Oskar Hansen – Open Form
Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona
10/072/014 – 6/01/2015
Curators: Soledad Gutiérrez, Łukasz Ronduda
Curatorial collaboration: Aleksandra Kędziorek
Designed by: Centrala
Sources: artmuseum.pl, macba.cat, ed. AS, 4/07/2014