François Bondy "A Smaller Europe?"
no-image, François Bondy "A Smaller Europe?"
François Bondy "A Smaller Europe?".
What does the unexpected, wonderful political affirmation of the Polish and Hungarian intellectuals and youth have in common with the wavering, arduous and stormy process of building "the Europe of the Six", which calls for political unity but lacks courage to address this issue openly?
For an oppressed nation, freedom and an uncompromising affirmation of national independence are one and the same - here is an inevitable and necessary simplification; therefore, the desire of this youth from the East to find support in a coherent Europe of solidarity is all the more striking. However desperate, a nation's rebellion follows a more "natural" course compared with creation of a new, unprecedented federal authority, not rooted in national traditions.
In the "Small Europe", the term "supranational" is now avoided like a plague. However, we have to say openly that even the most limited common market will not be able to function without common political institutions which can implement the established rules. Neither the common market (whose necessity is set forth here by Jacques Millet), nor the EURATOM (with which François Fontaine links hopes for a new pioneer era) will lead us far if we do not find a way of expressing a common European political will. We can even state that without it, from a purely economic point of view, there is a strong risk for countries, for example Belgium or Germany, to become more protectionist through the common market, without benefit to anyone. Anyway, it is possible that the common market will in reality dispel both the fears of its adversaries and the hopes of its proponents.
In any event, is it enough to think only of Europe of the Six at the time when European prospects are opening up, when Poland is breaking the Iron Curtain?
Poland has gained certain essential, albeit precarious, freedoms; there is now a possibility of an authentic dialogue between the Poles and the other Europeans. The Polish people have a much lower standard of living than that enjoyed in all other European democracies and Poland faces severe problems. If we can conceive assistance of some Europeans to African territories, it would be inconceivable not to create a "foundation", a common effort by European democracies to assist Poland, to support broadest possible exchanges, to thus show real solidarity through fully welcoming Poland into the European family to which she is now returning.
A minor Europe, a Europe too small, would be Europe under tutelage. It is not a question of size, but that of perspective. By continuing the process of unification of "Europe of the Six", we should not lose sight of our real goal, which is the Great Europe, the only one able to fuel our imagination from now on.
"The Year 1956" - main page
"Preuves 74", April, 1957