Poland has often been portrayed as a woman in visual arts. Reigning, chained, crucified, sleeping, triumphant... Polonia seems to come in many forms. Culture.pl takes a look at the evolving concept of Poland's personification across the centuries.
Between the two world wars, massive immigration of farm workers and miners resulted in establishing Polish community as the second biggest foreign minority in France after Italians. After World War 2, the inflow of migrants to France followed a more sporadic pattern - synchronizing with major political upheavals that were shaking the East Block and culminated with the emerging of the Solidarity movement.