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Portrait of Wincenty Lutosławski by Olga Boznańska, photo: Wikimedia/Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu

Philosopher, scholar, publicist, social activist. Born on 6th June 1863 in Warsaw, died on 28th December 1954 in Kraków.

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Edward Abramowski, photo: Wikipedia

Philosopher, psychologist, social activist. Born on 17th August 1868 in Stefanin (today’s Ukraine), died on 21st June 1918.

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Debora Vogel painted by S. I. Witkiewicz, 1929/30, photo: public domain

She was Bruno Schulz's friend and confidant, Witkacy's model and alumni of the Lvov-Warsaw school's foremen – Kazimierz Twardowski and Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz.

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Friedrich Nietzsche claimed to be Polish in writing at least five times in his books. Why on Earth would this icon of philosophy deny being German and instead insist he belonged to a nation that at the time wasn't even on the map?

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Jerzy Nowosielski, photo: Włodzimierz Wasyluk

Contemporary painter, illustrator, designer and philosopher largely influenced by Russian iconography and the Byzantine style; his earliest works are 1940s representations of female figures

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Juliusz Słowacki, drawing by Antoni Oleszczyński (1794-1879), source: CBN Polona

Poland's great Romantic poet, playwright and visionary philosopher. His poetry had extraordinary variety, rich phrasing,and a linguistic innovation and artistic sensitivity.

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Self-portrait, c1915-1917, Saint Petersburg, photograph by the Museum of Art in Łodź, photo from the collection of Ewa Franczak and Stefan Okołowicz

Painter, illustrator, photographer, playwright, novelist, philosopher, art theorist, and critic; member of the first-ever Polish group of avant-garde artists known as the Formists.

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Olga Tokarczuk, photo by Grażyna Makara

Outstanding writer and essayist and a devotee of Jung, Olga Tokarczuk is an authority on philosophy and arcane knowledge. She is a phenomenon of popularity - admired by both critics and readers.

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Zygmunt Bauman, still from the film "Lawnswood Gardens".

He is one of the best known sociologists and philosophers in the world. His name is often mentioned as a principal creator of the concept of "post-modernism".

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Poet and Professor of Philosophy, her poetry is marked by a distinctly female point of view. There is an acceptance of existence and a tenderness towards the world.

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Leszek Kołakowski photo: Elżbieta Lempp

He was an outstanding Polish philosopher who lived in exile since 1968. Named a Fellow of All Souls College at Oxford, his primary interest was the history of philosophy.

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A romantic poet, novelist, playwright, and philosopher;in order to escape his father's domineering influence, he went abroad and lived the majority of his life as an expatriate.

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Dariusz Sośnicki, photo: Elżbieta Lempp

A poet who read philosophy at the Adam Mickiewicz University; he published three volumes of poetry most of them focused on his concept of "ineffective poetry."

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This is the second and last part of Blonski's monograph on Witkacy (Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz). It presents the world of this artist's novels and plays. The first part, entitled "Od Stasia do Witkacego", had an excellent reception...

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