Born on November 19, 1925, Bauman was one of the most highly esteemed social critics in Europe. His name is often mentioned as a principal creator of the concept of "post-modernity" and "liquid modernity". He has also been a critic of the Third Way, globalisation and consumerist society.
In March, 1968, Zygmunt Bauman was professor of sociology at the University of Warsaw and Chairman of the General Sociology Department. He was suddenly stripped of his post and expelled from the university for political reasons by the communist authorities. Although he left Poland, he was remembered as the author of many books and sociology textbooks. Bauman had been an outstanding teacher of younger sociologists and the first editor-in-chief of "Studia Sociologiczne". In emigration, he continued to develop his ideas and his original scholarly concepts. Bauman lectured at the universities in Tel Aviv and Haifa in 1969-1971. He went to England in that year and accepted a permanent post at the University of Leeds. He was also visiting professor at Berkeley, Yale, Canberra, St. John's and Copenhagen.
He writes and publishes in English. His books have appeared in many countries. Zygmunt Bauman was awarded the European Amalfi Prize in sociology and the social sciences for Modernity and The Holocaust.
Bauman seems intellectually closest to the neopragmatism exemplified by Richard Rorty. Bauman finds Rorty's interpretative pluralism especially congenial. This is particularly important in relation to the aesthetic and moral questions that are most important to Bauman, particularly in his highly original treatment of the Holocaust. As he states in Modernity and The Holocaust, the Shoah "emerged as the result of an extraordinary accumulation of factors, each of which was completely ordinary and normal by itself, and the responsibility for that accumulation must be attributed to the modern state".
In the 1990s Bauman started to reflect mostly on the late modernity, consumerism and technology. The concept of liquid modernity is his best known. It is characterized by the uncertainty of the individual, episodicity and fragmentarization in the globalized, capitalist world, which changes under the effect of technology. It is not the reverse of modernity, but a chaotic continuation: it is modernity which agrees with its own failure. This notion has been introduced by Bauman in the book Liquid Modernity (2000). The concept of liquidity was developed in Bauman's following works, dedicated to different aspects of modernity: Liquid Love: On the Frailty of Human Bonds (2003), Liquid Life (2005), Liquid Fear (2006), Liquid Times: Living in an Age of Uncertainty (2006) and Liquid Evil (with Leonidas Donskis, 2016). Lately he also wrote about the crisis of democracy, the fight with terrorism and the migration crisis (in books such as (Strangers at our Door, 2016). Professor Bauman passed away on 9th January 2017.
Source: www.polska2000.pl; copyright: Stowarzyszenie Willa Decjusza; updated by NMR, November 2016.
Brak podobnych artystów.