Magdalena Tulli, photo: Elżbieta Lempp
Polish writer and translator. Born on the 20th of October 1955 in Warsaw. Nominated three times for Poland's Nike literary prize and the 2012 Best Translated Book Award in the US.
Magdalena Tulli is one of Poland's most interesting contemporary writers of fiction. Her rather difficult prose has been termed by some as post-modern (her influences include Italo Calvino) and she isn't among the most widely read authors, however she remains highly respected by critics. This is corroborated by the three nominations to Polish biggest literary prize Nike Book Award.
Her literary sophistication and personal isolation has been noted by her translator Bill Johnson who avers that
Tulli is not part of the literary mainstream in Poland. In addition, she’s a very private character and has no interest in promoting herself through PR machines—she expresses herself first and foremost through her writing.
The list of possible influences on the writing of Tulli was observed by W.S Merwin, who remarked that "the originality of Tulli's writing is not lessened by representing a family tree that includes Michaux, Kafka, Calvino, and Saramago".
Magdalena Tulli debuted in 1995 with Dreams and Stones (Sny i kamienie), a novel or rather prose poem, featuring practically no characters. As Bill Johnson remarks, "It’s a novel about objects and about ways of seeing and explaining. The only actual character is the narrator, whose rather pedantic voice is our only clue to his existence".
In her next books, such as In Red and Moving Parts, she tends to meander between several plot strands or different ways of telling a story. Johnson finds that "Tulli gradually introduces narrative, though she does so in a very tentative and self-aware way (this is why she’s sometimes accused, wrongly, of writing 'meta-fiction')".
In Red (Polsh title W czerwieni) was nominated for the NIKE Prize in 1999 and the following year the German and French translations were released, while the English translation came out in 2011. In 2012 it was nominated for the Best Translated Book of the Year Award sponsored by the University of Rochester and Amazon.com. Moving Parts (Tryby) came out in 2003 and was nominated for the Nike award in 2004.
Tulli's fourth book Flaw can be seen as a universal parable, however the treatment of the Jews in the Second World War is a clear point of reference (Tulli is of Italian-Jewish-Polish descent). Still, throughout the book the refugees are persistently called "the Others".
Tulli's complicated family background (born to a Polish-Jewish mother in Warsaw, she spent much of her childhood in Italy, at her father's) comes to the surface in her last book Włoskie szpilki (Italian High Heels), published in 2011. This largely autobiographical book also marks a certain turn in her rather meta-fictional and anti-biographical oeuvre. In June 2012 the book received the prestigious Gdynia literary award, along with Marian Sworzeń, Mieczysław Porębski, Marta Podgórnik.
Critics have remarked that ever since her debut in 1995 Tulli appeared as a entirely new and distinct phenomenon in Polish literature as an author of a certain anti-prose, dedicated to breaking the laws of traditional fiction.
Tulli is also an accomplished translator from the French and Italian. In 2001 she translated Marcel Proust's La Fugitive (volume six of Remembrance of Things Past). For her translation of a book of short stories by Fleur Jaeggy La paura del cielo she was awarded the Literatura na Świecie (Literature in the World) Prize, the most important Polish award for translators. She's also translated La giornata d'uno scrutatore (Polish title Długi dzień Ameriga) by Italo Calvino.
- Dreams and Stones (Sny i kamienie), Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Open, 1995.
- In Red (W czerwieni), Warsaw: W.A.B., 1998.
- Moving Parts (Tryby), Warsaw: W.A.B., 2003.
- "Zamiast procesu: raport o mowie nienawiści", Warszawa: W.A.B, Instytut Studiów Politycznych PAN, 2003 (with Sergiusz Kowalski).
- Flaw (Skaza), Warsaw: W.A.B., 2006.
- Włoskie szpilki, Warsaw, 2011
Magdalena Tulli 's novels in English include Dreams and Stones, winner of Poland's Koscielski Foundation Award; Moving Parts, nominated for the 2007 International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award; Flaw, shortlisted for the 2007 NIKE Literary Award; and In Red, translated in 2011 by Bill Johnson, and nominated for .for the Best Translated Book of the Year Award 2012.
Author: Mikołaj Gliński, April 2012