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Andrzej Krzanowski

Andrzej Krzanowski

A composer and accordionist, born in Bielsko-Biała on 9 April 1951, died in Czechowice-Dziedzice on 1 October 1990.

Krzanowski studied composition with Henryk Mikołaj Górecki at the National Higher School of Music in Katowice in 1971-5 and accordion with Joachim Pichura. His accordion debut occurred in 1967, followed by concerts of modern accordion music and participation in a number of festivals, including 1st International Accordion Festival in Digne-les-Bains, Dresdner Musikfestspiele, Musikprotokoll in Graz, 15th International Festival in Pontino, Gaudeamus Music Week, Gulbenkian Contemporary Music Festival in Lisbon, Musica 83 in Strasburg, and many others. Krzanowski made his debut as a composer at the Young Musicians for a Young City festivals in Stalowa Wola in 1975 and 1976, and at Music Meetings in Baranów in 1976, where he presented a voice, instrumental and stage cycle "Programs 1-4".

Krzanowski embarked on his teaching career at the National Higher School of Music in Wrocław in 1975, to continue as a lecturer at its equivalent in Katowice in 1976. 1984 and 1986 found Krzanowski teaching at the Darmstadt courses, followed by an assignment at the Time of Music Summer Academy in Viitasaari, Finland, in 1987.

In 1984 Krzysztof Penderecki commissioned Krzanowski's Symphony No. 2. In 1986 Krzanowski was the beneficiary of the Witold Lutosławski scholarship, and in 1988 received a Scottish Arts Council grant.

Among Krzanowski's many awards and prizes is the Chairman of the Council of Ministers' Award for works for children and teenagers as well as a number of awards earned at composing competitions, notably the 2nd prize at the 19th Young Competition of the Polish Composers' Association for his 1976 Canti di Wratislavia for orchestra in 1976; the same year, the 1st award at the Artur Malawski Composing Competition in Krakow for String Quartet No. 1 (version 2) from 1976; twice the 3rd prize at the Carl Maria von Weber International Composing Competition in Dresden for String Quartet No. 1 and String Quartet No. 2, awarded in 1978 and 1979, respectively; mention at the Composing Competition in Stalowa Wola in 1978 for Con Vigore, his same-year concerto for eight performers; 1st award at the Composing Competition of the Music Section of the Polish Radio and Television in Warsaw in 1979 for Fugue for accordion quintet composed four years earlier; 3rd prize at the 1980 Artur Malawski Composition Competition for Alkagran or a Place on the Right Bank of the Vistula River for accordion quintet from the same year; 1st prize at the First International Competition of Accordion Compositions in Digne-les-Bains in 1981 for his same-year piece The Wind Carries the Echo Across a Wood Clearing (version 2) for accordion and amplified harpsichord, and mention at International Competition of the Gaudeamus Foundation for Three Meditations for accordion from 1979; 1st prize at the 1985 Composing Competition in Kamień Pomorski for his same-year composition for organ solo, Relief III, and, the same year, 2nd prize for Three Etudes for accordion from 1985 and 3rd prize for Capriccio for accordion from 1983 at the 1st National Competition of Accordion Compositions in Rzeszów; in 1986, mention at the Composing Contest to commemorate 25 years of the Poznań Music Spring Festival for Where the Rainbow Ends for percussion and bass clarinet from 1985, and 2nd prize at the 4th International Competition of Accordion Compositions in Ancona for Three Etudes for piano; 2nd prize at the International Composing Competition in Digne-les-Bains in 1987 for Over the Rainbow for viola, percussion and accordion from 1985-7.

While Andrzej Krzanowski composed symphonic and chamber music as well as pieces for voices and instruments, it was accordion music that he focused on. Krzanowski truly elevated this downgraded, popular instrument, extracting from it new possibilities and unexpected beauty. Krzanowski himself was an accordion virtuoso, having studied accordion alongside composition at the National Higher School of Music in Katowice. He appeared as an accordionist at many international festivals and taught accordion twice at the prestigious International Summer Courses of New Music at Darmstadt. A number of Krzanowski's compositions feature accordion.

Krzanowski's composing debut took place at the Young Musicians for a Young City festival in Stalowa Wola in 1975 and 1976 and at the Music Meetings in Baranów Sandomierski in 1976, where he presented a voice, instrumental and stage cycle Programs, later complemented by two more pieces by the same title. The Programs performed in Stalowa Wola were in a way flagship works of the new chapter of Polish contemporary music, opened by Krzanowski, Eugeniusz Knapik and Aleksander Lason, all making their debuts at Stalowa Wola. All three were named the '51 Generation in reference to their year of birth or, alternatively, the Stalowa Wola Generation from the location of the "cult" festival. All three stood in opposition to the vanguard of the fifties and the sixties, and their compositions were referred to as "the new romanticism", yet each one retained his own autonomy. Of the '51 Generation, Krzanowski was the one most closely connected with the vanguard. The composing language of his Programs, while characterized by romantic emotionalism, veering towards no less than exuberant expressionism, is nonetheless modern and akin to that of the vanguard. The Programs were composed for voices and instruments to texts by Jacek Bieriezin, Zbigniew Dolecki, Marian Stanclik and Sławomir Mrożek, and contain quotations from works of composers of past centuries, such as Johann Sebastian Bach and Karol Szymanowski. Alongside traditional instruments the composer used less common sources of sound, for instance sirens and whistles, and gave accordion an important role to play. Krzanowski also made use of the tape and applied visual effects.


  • Preludium / Prelude for accordion (1970)
  • Taniec / Dance for accordion (1970)
  • Sonata for accordion (1972)
  • Szkice / Sketches na klarnet solo (1972)
  • Trzy utwory na obój i trąbkę / Three pieces for oboe and trumpet (1972)
  • Studium I for accordion and orchestra (1973)
  • Audycja I wg poezji Jacka Bieriezina / Programme I after Jacek Bieriezin's Poetry for reciter, flute, whistle, tam-tam, siren and 2 tapes (1973)
  • Audycja II wg poezji Jacka Bieriezina / Programme II after Jacek Bieriezin's Poetry for reciter, flute, tam-tam, siren, whistle and 2 tapes (1973)
  • Pieśni północne / Midnight songs for mixed choir (1973)
  • Kanon / Canon for accordion (1974)
  • Fuga-fantazja nr 2 / Fugue-fantasia No. 2 for accordion (1974)
  • Audycja III wg poezji Jacka Bieriezina / Programme III after Jacek Bieriezin's Poetry for actor, soprano, 2 accordions, baritone saxophone, trumpet, electric guitar, percussion and tape (1974)
  • Studium II for accordion (1974)
  • De profundis, cantata for baritone and orchestra (1974)
  • Partita for oboe, clarinet and bassoon (1974)
  • Trzy etiudy / Three studies for soprano, flute and tape (1974-76)
  • Toccata for accordion trio (1974-80)
  • Kanon / Canon for accordion (1974)
  • Audycja IV wg poezji Zbigniewa Doleckiego / Programme IV after Zbigniew Dolecki's Poetry for reciting voice, siren, cymbals, accordion and tapes (1975)
  • Studium III for accordion (1975)
  • Nokturn, preludium i fuga / Nocturne, Prelude and Fugue for accordion quintet (1971-75)
  • Symfonia nr 1 / Symphony No. 1 (1975)
  • Canti di Vratislavia for orchestra (1976)
  • Kwartet smyczkowy nr 1 / String Quartet No. 1 [version I] (1976)
  • Kwartet smyczkowy nr 1 / String Quartet No. 1 [version II] (1976)
  • Studium V for accordion quintet (1976)
  • Audycja V / Programme V, opera in 20 scenes (1977)
  • Transpaiting, audio-visual spectacle (1977)
  • Con vigore, concerto for 8 performers (1978)
  • Koncert na orkiestrę / Concerto for Orchestra [version I] (1978)
  • Kwartet smyczkowy nr 2 / String Quartet No. 2 (1978)
  • Sonata na tube / Sonata for tuba (1978)
  • Studium IV for accordion duo (1978)
  • Chorał / Chorale for accordion (1979)
  • Trzy medytacje / Three meditations for accordion (1979)
  • Cztery bagatele / Four bagatelles for accordion (1979)
  • Nokturn i scherzo / Nocturne and Scherzo for accordion (1979)
  • Oda / Ode for accordion (1979)
  • Sonatina na akordeon / Sonatina for accordion (1979)
  • Katedra / Cathedral for accordion (1979)
  • Tryptyk / Triptych for accordion (1979)
  • Alkagran czyli jedno miejsce na prawym brzegu Wisły / Alkagran, or a place on the right bank of the Vistula river for accordion quintet (1980)
  • Chorał/ Chorale for accordion quintet (1980)
  • Sonata di concerto for accordion (1980)
  • Taniec góralski / Highlander dance for accordion duo (1980)
  • Trzy utwory / Three pieces for accordion quintet (1980)
  • Echo for accordion (1981)
  • Wiatr echo niesie po polanie / The Wind Carries the Echo Across A glade [version I] for 2 accordions (1981)
  • Wiatr echo niesie po polanie / The Wind Carries the Echo Across A glade [version II] for accordion and harpsichord amplified (1981)
  • Jedenaście utworów na orkiestrę dziecięcą / Eleven pieces for children orchestra (1981)
  • Kalangra, 20 pieces for children for accordion (1981)
  • Salve regina [version I] for boys choir and organ (1981)
  • Salve regina [version II ] for boys or women choir a cappella (1981)
  • Mała partita / Little Partita for violin solo (1981)
  • Koncert na orkiestrę / Concerto for Orchestra [version II] (1981-82)
  • Impresje zimowe / Wintertime impressions for accordion (1982)
  • Miniatury / Miniatures for piano (1982)
  • Suita dziecięcą / Suite for children for piano (1982)
  • Audycja VI / Programme VI for soprano and string quartet (1982)
  • Trifle for accordion and bass clarinet (1983)
  • Capriccio for accordion (1983)
  • Impresje wiosenne / Springtime impressions for accordion (1983)
  • Adagio for accordion (1983)
  • Reminiscenza [version I] for accordion, clarinet, violin and cello (1983)
  • Symfonia nr 2 / Symphony No. 2 for 13 string instruments (1983-84)
  • Reminiscenza [version II] for string quartet (1984)
  • Rapsodia / Rhapsody for accordion (1983); written together with Grazyna Krzanowska
  • Sonata Breve for concert accordion (with bass melodic keyboard) or 120-bass buttons accordion (1983); written together with Grażyna Krzanowska
  • Impresje lata / Summer's impressions for flute, clarinet and accordion (1984)
  • Relief I for accordion (1984)
  • Niech żyje i wzrasta (Preludium) / Let it live and grow (Prelude) for accordion (1984)
  • Larghetto for accordion (1984)
  • Relief II for accordion (1985)
  • Trzy etiudy / Three studies for accordion (1985)
  • Relief III for organ (1985)
  • Gdzie kończy się tęcza / Where the rainbow ends for percussion and bass clarinet (1985)
  • Relief IV for soprano and tubular bells (1985)
  • Over the Rainbow for viola, percussion and accordion (1985-87)
  • Relief V for cello (1986)
  • Impresje jesienne / Autumnal impressions for bass accordion amplified (1986)
  • Relief VI for bass accordion amplified (1986)
  • Divertimento for accordion (1986)
  • Sonata na akordeon nr 2 / Sonata for accordion No. 2 (1987)
  • Sonatina na akordeon nr 2 / Sonatina for accordion No. 2 (1987)
  • Cztery nowele / Four stories for accordion (1987)
  • Nokturn / Nocturne for 2 accordions (1987)
  • Relief VII for accordion and percussion (1988)
  • Trzy małe preludia / Three little preludes for accordion (1988)
  • Pejzaż sentymentalny / Sentimental landscape for 2 accordions (1988)
  • Gakkaj, 5 pieces for children for accordion (1988)
  • Kwartet smyczkowy nr 3 / String Quartet No. 3 (1988)
  • Relief IX (Szkocki) / Relief IX (Scottish) for string quartet and tape (1988)
  • Sonata na gitarę / Sonata for guitar (1990)

Source: Polish Music Information Center, Polish Composers' Union, September 2002.'s picture
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