Historical buildings in Poland
List of over one hundred of the largest and most significant historical buildings in Poland: castles and keeps (including royal residences), palaces and park complexes, urban complexes, church complexes, and other monuments worthy of attention. Detailed presentations of some of the monuments are already available on our website, discussions of the remaining ones are being prepared.
The list begins with the Wawel Royal Castle and Cathedral complex (Krakow), the Royal Castle in Warsaw, and the complex of the Castle of the Teutonic Corder at Malbork.
KRAKÓW - WAWEL
Royal Castle and Cathedral complex
Exterior: Façade of Gothic palace with Chicken Foot Tower (Kurza Stopka), courtyard - arcades
Interiors - below ground level: Rotunda of the Holiest Virgin Mary, crypt of St. Gereon's Church, czakram
Interiors - ground level: Casimir Room (Crown Treasury), interior of Chicken Foot Tower
Interiors - upper floors: Senate Room, Throne Room ("Under the Heads"), Zodiac Room, Royal Chambers, and Vasa Room
Exterior: Sigismund Chapel (with golden cupola), Vasa Chapel
Below-ground level: Crypt of St. Leonard
Interior: Gothic chancel, Shrine of St. Stanislaus, Royal Crypts, Sigismund Chapel (sculpted decorations), Holy Cross Chapel (frescoes), Potocki Chapel (Thorvaldsen)
Tower: Sigismund Bell
WARSAW - ROYAL CASTLE
Royal Castle complex
Exterior: Façade from Castle Square, façade of the Saxon Wing from the Vistula River, Kubicki's Arcade
Interiors - underground: Gothic cellar
Interiors - ground floor: "On Two Columns" Parliament Room, Stanislaus Library
Interiors - upper floors: Rooms of the Grand Apartment (esp. Ensemble Room, Knights' Room, Throne Room), Royal Apartment (Study, Chamber, Chapel), Parliament Room, Canaletto Room, room with the HOLD CAROW SZUJSKICH / HOMAGE OF THE SHUISKY TSARS by Jan Matejko, exhibition room in the Lanckoronski Gallery
Castle complex of the Teutonic Order, Grand Master's Palace, town
Exterior: Façade from the Nogat River, courtyards of the Upper and Middle Castles
Interiors of the Upper Castle (capitulary, refectory, chapel), interiors of the Grand Master's Palace (both refectories, vestibule, residential chambers), interiors of the Middle Castle (Great Refectory, kitchen)
Remaining monuments are grouped as follows:
Within each section, monuments are listed in alphabetical order according to their location.
Old Town: Parish Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary, Franciscan Church, Dominican Church, Cistercian nunnery (interior), fortified walls (incl. the Grudziadz Gate), town hall.
Complex of the Main Town, Old Town, and Old Suburb. St. Mary's Church (interior), St. John's Church, St. Catherine's Church (interior), Dominican Church (Gothic and Baroque interior), Franciscan Church with St. Anne's Chapel and the szachulec - a building with a wood-frame and clay walls (interior of monastery), St. Bridget's Church (interior). Fortifications: the Gdansk Crane (interior with machinery), gates on the Motlawa River side, arsenal (interior), Green Gate, Golden Gate, and fore-gate complex. Public buildings: Main Town Hall (interior -Hall and Red Room), Artus Court (interior), the Great Mill. Townhouses, especially those on Long Street and along Long Market (interior of the Uphagen House).
Kazimierz nad Wisłą / Casimir on the Vistula
Town with castle and a number of granaries (central market with the Houses of the Przybyla Brothers, parish church - interior, Franciscan monastery).
Wawel Hill. Old Town, districts of Okol and Kazimierz. The townhouses of Old Town (interior of the Hetmanski House), Sukiennice / Cloth Hall (interior, upper floors), defensive walls, Barbican, University – Collegium Maius (courtyard and interiors), numerous churches including St. Mary's Church (interior with St. Mary's Altar), St. Andrew's Church (of the Order of St. Clare), Franciscan Church (interior), Dominican Church (arcades, interior), University Church of St. Anne (interior), Holy Cross Church (interior), Jesuit Church (interior). Juliusz Slowacki Theatre (lobby interior and auditorium with curtain by Siemiradzki). Kazimierz (Casimir district): town hall, numerous churches including St. Catherine's Church (interior) along with the Augustinian Monastery, Corpus Christi Church (interior), Skalka / The Rock (interior, Crypt of the Meritorious), Missionaries' Church (interior), Old Synagogue (interior), Jewish Cemetery.
Complex of the Royal Castle and Old Town within the old city walls (burghers' houses, fortifications composed of walls and gates), Cathedral - interior, Dominican Church - interior, Chapel of the Holy Trinity in castle - interior of upper floor with polychrome frescoes.
Town with two markets and their surrounding buildings, town hall, post office, and numerous churches. Interior of Cathedral (bishops' tombs) and Piarist Church.
Walled town with town hall and parish church.
Complex of Old Town Square with town hall (interior), buildings within the square and surrounding townhouses. The "Jesuit Axis" from Old Town Square with church (interior), religious college and Baroque-aged schools.
Old Town Island. Castle, town hall, Collegiate Church (interior). Classicistic buildings.
Urban complex with Baroque buildings and two churches; palace with park.
City encircled by old defensive walls. Central square with townhouses and town hall, Cathedral (interior - architecture and altars - no paintings), the home of Dlugosz and others. Castle and two monastic complexes beyond the Opatow Gate (Order of the Benedictine nuns and Reformist monastery); also, monastic complex of the Dominican Order along with St. Jacob's Church.
Old Town and New Town. Church of the SS Johns (interior), St. Jacob's Church (interior), Franciscan Church (interior). Fortifications: gates from the Vistula River, remains of the castle. Gothic townhouses (interiors of the house of Copernicus) and Baroque townhouses (House under the Star). Town hall.
Old Town Square with Missionary Church (interior), Monument to Stefan Czarniecki and burghers' houses. Jewish quarter with synagogue (interior).
Complex of Old Town and New Town with burghers' houses, fortified walls, churches and monasteries (interiors of the Cathedral, Dominican Church, and Church of the Order of the Holy Sacrament). Extends in the west to Krasinski Palace (interior of hall), in the north to the Citadel, in the south to the Bernardine complex. Royal Castle with the Tin-Roofed Palace. Krakowskie Przedmiescie with its palaces and churches (interiors of the Church of the Nuns of the Visitation, hall of the Tyszkiewicz Palace) with adjoining Theatre Square.
Town with defensive fortifications (burghers' houses, town hall, palace, churches and temples – interiors of the Collegiate Church and synagogue, 16th and 19th century fortifications with gates).
Jasna Gora (Bright Hill): church complex (interior), Chapel of the Holiest Virgin Mary (interior) and monastery (interiors of the Great Refectory and Library) within the fortifications.
Cathedral Hill. Cathedral - exterior and interiors, defensive walls, Copernicus Tower, Old Bishops' Palace.
Cistercian Abbey complex: church (interiors - stalls and organ), monastery, abbots' palace with French garden and park.
Cathedral complex with collegiate curia: cathedral (interior with bronze door, tombs of bishops Olesnicki, Gruszczynski, Laski, Shrine of St. Adalbert, Baroque and other chapels).
Cistercian Abbey complex with church (interior, esp. stalls), monastery (interior), garden with pavilions and utilitarian buildings.
Collegiate Church complex (currently the cathedral) and Bishops' Palace (interiors) with garden.
Cameldolite Abbey complex (interiors of the church).
Benedictine Abbey with surroundings (cliffs).
Cistercian Monastery. Church - interior, esp. mausoleum of the Silesian Piasts, St. Joseph's Church, and pavilions.
Complex of the cathedral (interior) and castle of the Pomezanian Council.
Bernardine Abbey with church (interior), monastery, pilgrimage courtyards, and fortifications.
Cistercian Abbey. Church and monastery (interiors, esp. the Ducal Room), Ducal Chapel, Our Lady of Loretto Chapel.
Cistercian Abbey (currently the cathedral). Church (interior - stalls), monastery (arcades, chapter-house).
Tumski Hill complex with cathedral (interior), castle, and canonical buildings.
Complex on the island of Ostrow Tumski. Cathedral - interior with the Golden Chapel, Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary, Psalteria / Choristers' Home, uncovered remains of pre-Romanesque buildings.
Monastic complex of the Order of Norbertine Nuns (interior - columns, side portal) and St. Procopius' Church.
Cistercian Abbey. Exterior of abbey complex along with defensive perimeter walls, interiors of church and capitulary building (architectural details).
Święta Lipka / Holy Lime Tree
Complex of the Jesuit Monastery and pilgrims' buildings (interior of church).
Cistercian Abbey. Exterior of monastic complex, interior of church, interior of capitulary building, fraternity building and refectory (architectural details), tombstone of the Abbott Gerard, tombstone of the Abbot Zaborowski.
Complex of the Camaldoleses Monastery.
Ostrow Tumski and Piasek Island. Cathedral - interior along with interiors of Baroque chapels; Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross - interiors on both levels; St. Giles' Church and council house, Church of SS Peter and Paul - interior. Bishops' Palace, canonical scholars' home and other buildings. Church of St. Mary on the Sand - interiors with Baroque monastery.
Renaissance castle of the Princes of Brzeg (exterior view, esp. gate building, arcaded courtyard).
Castle of the Teutonic Knights
Krasicki Castle dating from the Renaissance along with its park.
Castle of the Warmian Bishops along with forecastle (courtyard, Gothic interiors).
Lubomirski Castle within its fortifications.
Szafraniec Castle (courtyard) with forecastle.
"Cross-Axe / Krzyztopor" Ossolinski Castle.
Hochberg Castle (interiors).
Wojnowice near Środa Śląska
Boner Family Castle (courtyard).
Leszczynski Castle (courtyard).
Branicki Palace complex with garden.
Działyński Palace-Castle with park (additionally, courtyard and castle interiors).
Neo-Gothic Royal Castle with park.
Complex of Zamoyski Palace – palace (interiors) with its wings.
Palace buildings with pavilions.
Classicistic palace of the Skorzewski family (interiors) with adjoining buildings.
Residential complex of the Lubomirski family (palace interiors).
Radziwill Palace (interiors) with surrounding park.
Neo-Gothic castle of the Krasiński family.
Late Renaissance defensive manor of the Grudzinski family.
Palace complex (interiors) with park, town hall, and church.
Classicistic palace (interiors).
Palace and garden complex of Lazienki with the Palace on the Water (interior of ground floor and southern chambers on upper floor) with adjoining structures and Belvedere Palace.
Palace (interiors) with wings, drive, and park.
Baroque palace with landscaped park.
Modernistic Church of St. Roch (interior).
Fortified Renaissance church with bastions around perimeter.
Early Gothic chapel of the Templars.
Romanesque rotunda (interior).
Romanesque church and monastery of canon regulars (exterior view, interior of vestibule with Romanesque portal, interior of Gothic refectory).
Church and monastery of the Order of St. Phillip (church interior).
Romanesque Church of St. Giles (interior).
Gothic parish church with perimeter fortifications.
Collegiate Church of SS Peter and Paul (exterior and interior).
Neo-Gothic St. Martin's Church.
Church (interior) and Benedictine monastery.
Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary (along with garden) - exterior view.
Collegiate Church of St. Jacob (interior).
Parish Church of St. Jacob (interior).
Collegiate Church (view from exterior and interior with Renaissance tombstones of the Szydlowieckis - "Lament on the Abbott / Lament Opatowski", altar with "Madonna" by Lukasz Cranach).
Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary
Church of the Order of St. Anne (interior).
Romanesque church - exterior view and interior with Romanesque frescoes in the apsid.
Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary (interior - remains of cellars of earlier churches, esp. Romanesque figurative floor mural in crypt) along with the remains of St. Nicholas' Church.
Parish Church of St. Elizabeth (interior) with old cemetery and burghers' houses from the Central Square.
Bernardine church and monastery (Museum of Architecture); interiors of church and monastery - arcades.
Settlement dating back to Lusatian culture (archeological reserve).
Wooden Orthodox church
Dębno k. Nowego Targu
Wooden Gothic church (interior).
Wooden Gothic church (interior).
Wooden Orthodox Church with bell tower.
Wooden Romanesque Wang church.
Wooden Baroque manor house (interior).
Wooden Baroque manor house (interior).
Romantic landscape park with pavilions.
Gothic town hall
Palace (interiors) and factory complex on Ogrodowa Street, belonging at one time to the industrial magnate Poznański.
Interior of the salt mine.
Old Town Hall - facades with sculpted details, interiors.
University complex with interior of the Aula Leopoldina, the Music Auditorium, and main staircase along with Jesuit Church (interior) and old cardinals' college building.
People's Hall (interior) with its primary axis and adjoining exhibition pavilions.