List of over one hundred of the largest and most significant historical buildings in Poland: castles and keeps (including royal residences), palaces and park complexes, urban complexes, church complexes, and other monuments worthy of attention. Detailed presentations of some of the monuments are already available on our website, discussions of the remaining ones are being prepared.

The list begins with the Wawel Royal Castle and Cathedral complex (Krakow), the Royal Castle in Warsaw, and the complex of the Castle of the Teutonic Corder at Malbork.

KRAKÓW - WAWEL

Royal Castle and Cathedral complex

Royal Castle

Exterior: Façade of Gothic palace with Chicken Foot Tower (Kurza Stopka), courtyard - arcades
Interiors - below ground level: Rotunda of the Holiest Virgin Mary, crypt of St. Gereon's Church, czakram
Interiors - ground level: Casimir Room (Crown Treasury), interior of Chicken Foot Tower
Interiors - upper floors: Senate Room, Throne Room ("Under the Heads"), Zodiac Room, Royal Chambers, and Vasa Room

Cathedral

Exterior: Sigismund Chapel (with golden cupola), Vasa Chapel
Below-ground level: Crypt of St. Leonard
Interior: Gothic chancel, Shrine of St. Stanislaus, Royal Crypts, Sigismund Chapel (sculpted decorations), Holy Cross Chapel (frescoes), Potocki Chapel (Thorvaldsen)
Tower: Sigismund Bell

WARSAW - ROYAL CASTLE

Royal Castle complex

Exterior: Façade from Castle Square, façade of the Saxon Wing from the Vistula River, Kubicki's Arcade
Interiors - underground: Gothic cellar
Interiors - ground floor: "On Two Columns" Parliament Room, Stanislaus Library
Interiors - upper floors: Rooms of the Grand Apartment (esp. Ensemble Room, Knights' Room, Throne Room), Royal Apartment (Study, Chamber, Chapel), Parliament Room, Canaletto Room, room with the HOLD CAROW SZUJSKICH / HOMAGE OF THE SHUISKY TSARS by Jan Matejko, exhibition room in the Lanckoronski Gallery

Stanisław Fiszer’s Project, Renovation of the Kubicki Arcades, Royal Castle / Warsaw, 2009
Stanisław Fiszer’s Project, Renovation of the Kubicki Arcades, Royal Castle / Warsaw, 2009

MALBORK

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, Photo by: B. and L. Okońscy
Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork, Photo by: B. and L. Okońscy

Castle complex of the Teutonic Order, Grand Master's Palace, town
Exterior: Façade from the Nogat River, courtyards of the Upper and Middle Castles
Interiors of the Upper Castle (capitulary, refectory, chapel), interiors of the Grand Master's Palace (both refectories, vestibule, residential chambers), interiors of the Middle Castle (Great Refectory, kitchen)


Remaining monuments are grouped as follows:

Within each section, monuments are listed in alphabetical order according to their location.

URBAN COMPLEXES  

Chełmno

Old Town: Parish Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary, Franciscan Church, Dominican Church, Cistercian nunnery (interior), fortified walls (incl. the Grudziadz Gate), town hall.

Gdańsk

Complex of the Main Town, Old Town, and Old Suburb. St. Mary's Church (interior), St. John's Church, St. Catherine's Church (interior), Dominican Church (Gothic and Baroque interior), Franciscan Church with St. Anne's Chapel and the szachulec - a building with a wood-frame and clay walls (interior of monastery), St. Bridget's Church (interior). Fortifications: the Gdansk Crane (interior with machinery), gates on the Motlawa River side, arsenal (interior), Green Gate, Golden Gate, and fore-gate complex. Public buildings: Main Town Hall (interior -Hall and Red Room), Artus Court (interior), the Great Mill. Townhouses, especially those on Long Street and along Long Market (interior of the Uphagen House).

Kazimierz nad Wisłą / Casimir on the Vistula

Town with castle and a number of granaries (central market with the Houses of the Przybyla Brothers, parish church - interior, Franciscan monastery).

Kraków

Wawel Hill. Old Town, districts of Okol and Kazimierz. The townhouses of Old Town (interior of the Hetmanski House), Sukiennice / Cloth Hall (interior, upper floors), defensive walls, Barbican, University – Collegium Maius (courtyard and interiors), numerous churches including St. Mary's Church (interior with St. Mary's Altar), St. Andrew's Church (of the Order of St. Clare), Franciscan Church (interior), Dominican Church (arcades, interior), University Church of St. Anne (interior), Holy Cross Church (interior), Jesuit Church (interior). Juliusz Slowacki Theatre (lobby interior and auditorium with curtain by Siemiradzki). Kazimierz (Casimir district): town hall, numerous churches including St. Catherine's Church (interior) along with the Augustinian Monastery, Corpus Christi Church (interior), Skalka / The Rock (interior, Crypt of the Meritorious), Missionaries' Church (interior), Old Synagogue (interior), Jewish Cemetery.

Lublin

Complex of the Royal Castle and Old Town within the old city walls (burghers' houses, fortifications composed of walls and gates), Cathedral - interior, Dominican Church - interior, Chapel of the Holy Trinity in castle - interior of upper floor with polychrome frescoes.

Łowicz

Town with two markets and their surrounding buildings, town hall, post office, and numerous churches. Interior of Cathedral (bishops' tombs) and Piarist Church.

Paczków

Walled town with town hall and parish church.

Poznań

Complex of Old Town Square with town hall (interior), buildings within the square and surrounding townhouses. The "Jesuit Axis" from Old Town Square with church (interior), religious college and Baroque-aged schools.

Pułtusk

Old Town Island. Castle, town hall, Collegiate Church (interior). Classicistic buildings.

Rydzyna

Urban complex with Baroque buildings and two churches; palace with park.

Sandomierz

City encircled by old defensive walls. Central square with townhouses and town hall, Cathedral (interior - architecture and altars - no paintings), the home of Dlugosz and others. Castle and two monastic complexes beyond the Opatow Gate (Order of the Benedictine nuns and Reformist monastery); also, monastic complex of the Dominican Order along with St. Jacob's Church.

Toruń

Old Town and New Town. Church of the SS Johns (interior), St. Jacob's Church (interior), Franciscan Church (interior). Fortifications: gates from the Vistula River, remains of the castle. Gothic townhouses (interiors of the house of Copernicus) and Baroque townhouses (House under the Star). Town hall.

Tykocin

Old Town Square with Missionary Church (interior), Monument to Stefan Czarniecki and burghers' houses. Jewish quarter with synagogue (interior).

Warszawa

Complex of Old Town and New Town with burghers' houses, fortified walls, churches and monasteries (interiors of the Cathedral, Dominican Church, and Church of the Order of the Holy Sacrament). Extends in the west to Krasinski Palace (interior of hall), in the north to the Citadel, in the south to the Bernardine complex. Royal Castle with the Tin-Roofed Palace. Krakowskie Przedmiescie with its palaces and churches (interiors of the Church of the Nuns of the Visitation, hall of the Tyszkiewicz Palace) with adjoining Theatre Square.

Zamość

Old City of Zamość, photo: common source
Old City of Zamość, photo: common source

Town with defensive fortifications (burghers' houses, town hall, palace, churches and temples – interiors of the Collegiate Church and synagogue, 16th and 19th century fortifications with gates).

CHURCH COMPLEXES

Częstochowa

Jasna Gora (Bright Hill): church complex (interior), Chapel of the Holiest Virgin Mary (interior) and monastery (interiors of the Great Refectory and Library) within the fortifications.

Frombork

Cathedral Hill. Cathedral - exterior and interiors, defensive walls, Copernicus Tower, Old Bishops' Palace.

Gdańsk-Oliwa

Cistercian Abbey complex: church (interiors - stalls and organ), monastery, abbots' palace with French garden and park.

Gniezno

Cathedral complex with collegiate curia: cathedral (interior with bronze door, tombs of bishops Olesnicki, Gruszczynski, Laski, Shrine of St. Adalbert, Baroque and other chapels).

Henryków

Cistercian Abbey complex with church (interior, esp. stalls), monastery (interior), garden with pavilions and utilitarian buildings.

Kielce

Collegiate Church complex (currently the cathedral) and Bishops' Palace (interiors) with garden.

Kraków-Bielany

Cameldolite Abbey complex (interiors of the church).

Kraków-Tyniec

Benedictine Abbey with surroundings (cliffs).

Krzeszów

Cistercian Monastery. Church - interior, esp. mausoleum of the Silesian Piasts, St. Joseph's Church, and pavilions.

Kwidzyn

Complex of the cathedral (interior) and castle of the Pomezanian Council.

Leżajsk

Bernardine Abbey with church (interior), monastery, pilgrimage courtyards, and fortifications.

Lubiąż

Cistercian Abbey. Church and monastery (interiors, esp. the Ducal Room), Ducal Chapel, Our Lady of Loretto Chapel.

Pelplin

Cistercian Abbey (currently the cathedral). Church (interior - stalls), monastery (arcades, chapter-house).

Płock

Tumski Hill complex with cathedral (interior), castle, and canonical buildings.

Poznań

Complex on the island of Ostrow Tumski. Cathedral - interior with the Golden Chapel, Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary, Psalteria / Choristers' Home, uncovered remains of pre-Romanesque buildings.

Strzelno

Monastic complex of the Order of Norbertine Nuns (interior - columns, side portal) and St. Procopius' Church.

Sulejów

Cistercian Abbey. Exterior of abbey complex along with defensive perimeter walls, interiors of church and capitulary building (architectural details).

Święta Lipka / Holy Lime Tree

Complex of the Jesuit Monastery and pilgrims' buildings (interior of church).

Wambierzyce

Pilgrimage complex.

Wąchock

Cistercian Abbey. Exterior of monastic complex, interior of church, interior of capitulary building, fraternity building and refectory (architectural details), tombstone of the Abbott Gerard, tombstone of the Abbot Zaborowski.

Wigry

Complex of the Camaldoleses Monastery.

Wrocław

Ostrow Tumski and Piasek Island. Cathedral - interior along with interiors of Baroque chapels; Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross - interiors on both levels; St. Giles' Church and council house, Church of SS Peter and Paul - interior. Bishops' Palace, canonical scholars' home and other buildings. Church of St. Mary on the Sand - interiors with Baroque monastery.

CASTLES AND KEEPS  

Brzeg

Renaissance castle of the Princes of Brzeg (exterior view, esp. gate building, arcaded courtyard).

Giżycko

Boyen Keep

Gołub-Dobrzyń

Castle of the Teutonic Knights

Krasiczyn

Krasicki Castle dating from the Renaissance along with its park.

Lidzbark Warmiński

Castle of the Warmian Bishops along with forecastle (courtyard, Gothic interiors).

Niedzica

Dunajec Castle.

Nowy Wiśnicz

Lubomirski Castle within its fortifications.

Pieskowa Skała

Szafraniec Castle (courtyard) with forecastle.

Ujazd

"Cross-Axe / Krzyztopor" Ossolinski Castle.

Wałbrzych-Książ

Hochberg Castle (interiors).

Wojnowice near Środa Śląska

Boner Family Castle (courtyard).

PALACES AND MANOR HOUSES  

Baranów Sandomierski

Leszczynski Castle (courtyard).

Białystok

Branicki Palace complex with garden.

Gołuchów

Działyński Palace-Castle with park (additionally, courtyard and castle interiors).

Kamieniec Ząbkowicki

Neo-Gothic Royal Castle with park.

Kozłówka

Complex of Zamoyski Palace – palace (interiors) with its wings.

Książ Wielki

Palace buildings with pavilions.

Lubostroń

Classicistic palace of the Skorzewski family (interiors) with adjoining buildings.

Łańcut

Residential complex of the Lubomirski family (palace interiors).

Nieborów

Radziwill Palace (interiors) with surrounding park.

Opinogóra

Neo-Gothic castle of the Krasiński family.

Poddebice

Late Renaissance defensive manor of the Grudzinski family.

Pszczyna

Palace complex (interiors) with park, town hall, and church.

Sorkwity

Neo-Gothic palace

Śmiełów

Classicistic palace (interiors).

Tułowice

Classicistic manor

Warszawa

Palace and garden complex of Lazienki with the Palace on the Water (interior of ground floor and southern chambers on upper floor) with adjoining structures and Belvedere Palace.

Warszawa-Wilanów

Palace (interiors) with wings, drive, and park.

Żagań

Baroque palace with landscaped park.

CHURCHES AND CHAPELS  

Białystok

Modernistic Church of St. Roch (interior).

Brochów

Fortified Renaissance church with bastions around perimeter.

Chwarszczany

Early Gothic chapel of the Templars.

Cieszyn

Romanesque rotunda (interior).

Czerwińsk

Romanesque church and monastery of canon regulars (exterior view, interior of vestibule with Romanesque portal, interior of Gothic refectory).

Gostyń

Church and monastery of the Order of St. Phillip (church interior).

Inowłódz

Romanesque Church of St. Giles (interior).

Kleczkowo

Gothic parish church with perimeter fortifications.

Kruszwica

Collegiate Church of SS Peter and Paul (exterior and interior).

Krzeszowice

Neo-Gothic St. Martin's Church.

Legnickie Pole

Church (interior) and Benedictine monastery.

Łęczyca-Tum

Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary (along with garden) - exterior view.

Nysa

Collegiate Church of St. Jacob (interior).

Olsztyn

Parish Church of St. Jacob (interior).

Opatów

Collegiate Church (view from exterior and interior with Renaissance tombstones of the Szydlowieckis - "Lament on the Abbott / Lament Opatowski", altar with "Madonna" by Lukasz Cranach).

Stargard Szczeciński

Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary

Strzegom

Church of the Order of St. Anne (interior).

Świerzawa-Sedziszowa

Romanesque church - exterior view and interior with Romanesque frescoes in the apsid.

Wiślica

Collegiate Church of the Holiest Virgin Mary (interior - remains of cellars of earlier churches, esp. Romanesque figurative floor mural in crypt) along with the remains of St. Nicholas' Church.


Wrocław

Parish Church of St. Elizabeth (interior) with old cemetery and burghers' houses from the Central Square.

Wrocław

Bernardine church and monastery (Museum of Architecture); interiors of church and monastery - arcades.

WOODEN STRUCTURES

Biskupin

Settlement dating back to Lusatian culture (archeological reserve).

Chotyniec

Wooden Orthodox church

Dębno k. Nowego Targu

Wooden Gothic church (interior).

Haczów

Wooden Gothic church (interior).

Hel

Fishermen's homes

Hrebenne

Wooden Orthodox Church with bell tower.

Karpacz

Wooden Romanesque Wang church.

Łopuszna

Wooden Baroque manor house (interior).

Ożarów

Wooden Baroque manor house (interior).

Świdnica

Half-timbered house

OTHERS  

Arkadia

Romantic landscape park with pavilions.

Chojna

Gothic town hall

Łódź

Palace (interiors) and factory complex on Ogrodowa Street, belonging at one time to the industrial magnate Poznański.

Wieliczka

Interior of the salt mine.

Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines, photo: press release
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines, photo: press release

Wrocław

Old Town Hall - facades with sculpted details, interiors.

Wrocław

University complex with interior of the Aula Leopoldina, the Music Auditorium, and main staircase along with Jesuit Church (interior) and old cardinals' college building.

Wrocław

People's Hall (interior) with its primary axis and adjoining exhibition pavilions.